Knowledgebase: Quiz Construction
Cloze Quiz Question Settings

Article Last Updated May 2018

Embedded Answers (Cloze) is a way of designing multiple choice, short answers and numerical answers within a passage of text. They are useful when you want to have a single question have multiple sub-parts and when it makes better sense to have answer boxes or dropdowns within sentences.

The questions are written by including a specific syntax to code each type of question.

 

Structure

The structure of a cloze question is as follows: 

  1. Start the cloze sub-question with a curly brace:  {

  2. Define a grade (number of points if correct) for each cloze sub-question with an integer

  3. Define the type of cloze sub-question, and bound it with a colon on each side:

    • For a short answer question where case is unimportant, use :SHORTANSWER: or :SA: or :MW:

    • For a short answer question where case must match, use :SHORTANSWER_C: or :SAC: or :MWC:

      • Note: The text input field for a short answer question will be the length of the longest option (correct or incorrect) plus a random number of characters (0 to 15% total length of the longest option). To make all short answer fields EXACTLY the same length, an option of 55 characters in length will need to be included in the question (nothing shorter is possible).
    • For a numerical answer, use :NUMERICAL: or :NM:

      • Note: If the correct answer is 5 and you allow an accepted error 0.1, you should type {1:NM = 5:0.1}. 
    • For a multiple choice question, displayed as a dropdown menu in-line the text, use :MULTICHOICE: or :MC:

    • For a multiple choice question, displayed as a vertical column of radio buttons, use :MULTICHOICE_V: or :MCV:

    • For a multiple choice question, displayed as a horizontal row of radio buttons, use :MULTICHOICE_H: or :MCH:

    • For a multiple choice question with shuffled choices, displayed as a dropdown menu in-line the text, use :MULTICHOICE_S: or :MCS: (new in June 2017)

    • For a multiple choice question with shuffled choices, displayed as a vertical column of radio buttons, use :MULTICHOICE_VS: or :MCVS: (new in June 2017)

    • For a multiple choice  question with shuffled choices, displayed as a horizontal row of radio buttons, use :MULTICHOICE_HS: or :MCHS: (new in June 2017)

  1. Use a ~ as a seperator between possible answer options

  2. A = should be placed immediately before the correct answer option

  3. A # can be used to mark the beginning of a feedback message (optional)

  4. Close the cloze sub-question with a curly brace: }

 

Examples

a) Below is an example for a multiple choice type question. The syntax that would be entered in the question text field is:

 
"The Capital of France is" is the question that you would like to ask. This can be any basic textual information.
"{}" encloses the Cloze codes.
"1" indicates the value of the question.
":MC:" indicates that the question is a multiple choice question. 
"#wrong" anything after "#" becomes an optional message.
"~" separates the Multiple choice options.
"%50%" means that if the student selects Sydney, the student receives 50% of 1 mark.
"=" indicates that if you select Paris you will get full mark for the question.
 
The screenshot below indicates the question that is created by Cloze.
 
 
 
 

b) Short answer example. The syntax that would be entered in the question text field is:

 
 
"A group of lions is called a" is the question that you would like to ask.
"{}" encloses the Cloze codes.
"1" indicates the value of the question.
":SAC:" indicates that the question is a short answer question where the case of the answer must match.
"=" indicates that 'pride' is the only answer that will score mark for the question.
 
The screenshot below indicates the question that is created by Cloze.
 
 
 
The following link gives more in depth explanations and examples on how to use Cloze to create quiz questions.
 
 
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